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Immigration Status Categories

Immigration Status Category Explanation
U.S. Citizen U.S. citizenship is usually gained by persons at birth in the United States. It also may be gained by birth to U.S. citizen parents or through naturalization.
Permanent Resident

A permanent resident can be called an "immigrant." Permanent residency gives an alien the right to reside permanently in the U.S. while maintaining his/her own non-U.S. citizenship. Generally permanent residents are the only aliens eligible for naturalization.

Temporary Resident Generally temporary residents are persons who have applied for legalization or amnesty. A temporary resident eventually will become a permanent resident.
Nonresident

An alien who comes to the U.S. temporarily for some purpose such as study, business, tourism. Normally a nonresident leaves the U.S. within a determined time although it is possible to change status while in the U.S.

(Employees under the Deferred Action for Childhool Arrivals (DACA) must have resided in the United States continuously since June 15, 2007. By definition, persons qualified under DACA will meet the substantial presence test and be a Resident Alien for Tax Purposes.)

Asylee A person who has been granted asylum but has not yet been granted permanent residency.
Temporary Protected Status Persons from designated countries who have been granted the right to remain and work in the U.S for a specified time. This is generally due to adverse and extraordinary circumstances in their home country.
Out of Status Usually a nonresident who entered the U.S. with legal status but who has violated the terms of his or her admission (e.g. overstay).
Undocumented Alien (Illegal) A person who has entered the U.S. illegally (without valid entry status or documentation).

Refer to SISS for more information.